About Parkour

About Parkour

The sport of parkour (sometimes abbreviated as PK) (the art of movement and transfer) is an activity in which the goal is to move from one point to another, which should be as fast and sufficient as possible, and in which only from The abilities of the human body are used. In other words, this exercise helps a person to overcome the obstacles that exist in the environment, such as branches and rocks, railway tracks and concrete walls. This sport can be done in all rural and suburban environments. Male athletes in this field are called traceurs and athletes are called traceuses, which is similar to mythical names. Developed in France by David Bailey, the sport of parkour emphasizes the need to perform effective movements to increase the body and mind’s ability to overcome obstacles in extreme situations.

quick look :
Parkour is a physical activity that is difficult to categorize. Parkour is not considered a complete sport, but it is an art or discipline that evokes self-defense in martial arts.According to David Bailey, the physical nature of parkour is that you can overcome obstacles in the event of an emergency happening along the way. “Place it on anything or anywhere as a support and jump over it or lift it up.” As a result, you will be able to talk, fight, or run away when faced with a dire situation. Just as martial arts are a form of training for battle, parkour is also a form of training for battle.Due to its unique nature, it is often said that parkour has only its own category and does not fit into any other category. “Parkour is just parkour.”
The most important feature of Parkour is its efficiency. Athletes in this field not only move as fast as they can, but also do so with the least amount of energy and the most correct method possible. This feature sets Parkour apart from a similar discipline called “free running”, which places the greatest emphasis on freedom of movement, such as acrobatic movements. Also, the efficiency of parkour prevents short-term and long-term injuries, and this feature is part of the reason for the formation and continuity of parkour.
Athletes claim that parkour also influences their thinking process by increasing their critical thinking skills, allowing them to overcome everyday physical and mental barriers.

Terminology:
The first word used to describe this form of sport was Leparco (the art of fast movement). The word parkour was coined by David Bailey and his friend Hubert Candy. The word is derived from the French phrase Parcour du combatant, which is the classic method of overcoming obstacles in military exercises developed by George Hebert. Candy, who is not a traceur himself, substituted the letter K for the letter C in the word Parcours because he thought the letter K was associated with violence, and also removed the letter S from the end because he thought it was in line with Pakour’s philosophy. And its efficiency was inconsistent.
Traceur and traceuse are names derived from the French verb tracer, which means to race or draw, but also means “to go fast.”

History:
Before World War I, former French naval officer Georg Hebert traveled the world. During his visit to Africa, he was impressed by the skills and physical abilities of the indigenous tribes he met.
“Their bodies were great, flexible, agile, resilient and resilient, but they had no gymnastics instructor, they just lived in nature,” says George Hebert.
While living in St. Pierre, Martinique, an eruption occurred on May 8, 1902. He helped rescue 700 people. This experience had a profound effect on him and encouraged him to combine sports skills with courage and respect for the rights of others. And finally, he introduced these methods in the form of this slogan: Be strong to be useful.
Taking his idea from the indigenous tribes, he became a physical education instructor at the Faculty of Rome in France and began to define the principles of his own physical education system, as well as to create and provide “natural method” teaching equipment and exercises, which he described as follows: Dad:
A regular and growing regular activity from childhood to adulthood that has its own goals: ensuring physical fitness; Increase the resistance of organs; Emphasis on the use of all kinds of natural movements and their unavoidable applications (running, jumping, climbing, etc.); Increase personal energy and other functional and chivalrous traits as well as other abilities in which physical and chivalrous aspects take precedence; An important moral idea: Respect for the rights of others.
George Hebert

Parkour philosophy:
Parkour is a major part of the art of Lart du deplacement that most people who deal with parkour have never heard of or known about. But according to William Bailey, according to the founders of Yamakasi, it is part of cohesive art, “Why do I teach people? I think it’s important to keep going. I think they share this practical experience. I think parkour is just about sharing other things. We must not forget it. This philosophy must remain stable. I do not want to just experience it myself and record it in a book only because it will be a dead experience! I want this sport to survive! “I want people to use it, live with it and experience it.”
Another philosophical aspect of the sport is its freedom, it is often said that anyone can do parkour anytime, anywhere in the world. This freedom of action has led Parkour to create a powerful cultural force in Europe whose influence is spreading around the world. Chaobli Dean says more than just that:
“The art of quick movement is a kind of freedom of action, parkour is a kind of confidence and trust within you. I do not think there is a clear definition for it. When you explain it to people, you say: Yes, I go up, I jump and I keep moving!
This is the definition of parkour! But no one understands. They have to see it in action. This is just a mental image. And when this image is formed, you can trust yourself and gain energy. Parkour Gain more knowledge about your body so you can move, overcome obstacles in the real world or the virtual world. Every thought that comes to your mind is considered as part of the correct training in this sport, and thus you can learn the movements, which gives you the ability to overcome your fears and pains, and you can use it again in life. Take it, and in doing so you must be able to control your mind to learn parkour.
Andreas Castis, a non-Yamakazi traverser, quotes a documentary in Parkour Journeys:
“Understanding parkour philosophy takes time because you have to get used to it first. Since you have to do the movements really, you do not feel much need to understand its philosophy. But when you are able to move in your own way, you can see how much parkour can change your life; And for example, it happens differently for different people at work: for some it happens very early, and for some it happens very late. You really can not say that: It took me two months to understand the meaning of parkour. “So I’m not saying I do parkour now, but I live with parkour because its philosophy has become my life, the way I do my work.”

movements:
Compared to gymnastics, there are fewer preset movements in parkour and there is no proper list of movements.
In the face of any obstacle, the traverser needs a special effort to be able to overcome that obstacle, which depends on the type of body, speed and angle of contact, the position of the obstacle and.. Parkour is actually a mind exercise to overcome obstacles using the right techniques. In most cases, the technique does not need to be named. In many cases, effective parkour techniques depend on the rapid distribution of body weight in different parts and the use of the moment to perform fast and difficult movements. The absorption and distribution of energy is also an important factor, as the body rotates as it descends, reducing the contact force on the legs and spine and allowing the tracer to jump from much higher altitudes than usual.
According to David Bailey, when escaping something, you intend to move it in such a way that you have the highest level of contact with the ground. If you are going from point A to point B, you should be able to go back from point B to point A, but it is not necessary to have the same speed on the way back.
Nevertheless, there are many techniques that are very useful for the speed and effectiveness of beginners. The most important of these are jumping and ground contact techniques. Rotation, which is used to minimize contact pressure after a fall, is often referred to as the most important technique to be learned.Many traverses suffer from joint injuries due to falls from high altitudes and improper use of rotation. Due to these high falls, the safety of parkour movements has been questioned. In some parts of the UK, this has been warned by restraining orders and fire and rescue agencies. Although David Bailey has never been seriously injured during training, no detailed studies have been conducted on the dangers of falling from heights and its aftermath.

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